www.telugubhakti.com Digest Number 4787

8 Messages

Digest #4787
Sringeri by p_gopi_krishna
Sringeri by p_gopi_krishna
Srimad Bhagavad Gita by p_gopi_krishna
Srimad Bhagavad Gita by p_gopi_krishna
Srimad Bhagavad Gita by p_gopi_krishna
Sri Satya Sai Baba by p_gopi_krishna
Sri Satya Sai Baba by p_gopi_krishna
Sri Satya Sai Baba by p_gopi_krishna


Wed Oct 3, 2018 12:30 am (PDT) . Posted by:


Sringeri Days : Part 16
" A professor from IIT ?", I asked incredulously, as I spoke with Umesh. "Yes, he is teaching at IIT Madras, and is specialized in Karma Mimamasa. They believe that Vedic Karmas are the only way to achieve Chitta Suddhi that leads to liberation. You should read about them", he said with a smile.
Dr R.K. Srikanta Kumaraswamy , RKSK, as he is known, made many innovations in iron and steel-making furnaces. He was always passionate about the Vedas and learnt from reputed Ghanpatis at Bangalore, Varanasi, Shimoga and Madras. He has taught over 300 student in Madras
So, he came down to Bangalore to conduct an elaborate homa. We all assembled in a small temple near Dr Subbaramaiyah's house. Umesha had given us a gist of Karma Meemasa and what to expect. The Karma mimamsa followers believe :
1)The world is neither created nor will it be destroyed. It is ever present.
2)The language, particularly Vedic language, has no beginning or the end.
3)The sacrificial activity also no beginning .
4)'Prapanca sambandha' is 'bandha or samsara'; 'prapanca sambandha vilaya' is moksa. The body, senses and the objects constitute prapanca.
5)The state of Moksa is 'svastha' state i.e. remaining unto oneself. In this state, pleasure, pain, desire, initiative, religious merit etc are all eliminated
6)They reject enjoying the bliss as Moksha, as it will be same as svarga needing a faculty and hence temporary.
7)They recommend withdrawal from the kamya sacrificial activity and prohibited activities; Nitya and Naimittika Karmas have to be performed .
8)Ishvara is not required for any of these purposes, including Moksha attainment. Individuals are totally responsible.
9)Strictly speaking Mlmansa is not interested in liberation. Performing karmas faithfully is a way & goal of life
10)Mimamsa has a powerful Vakya saastra and Darsana sections that have contributed immensely in understanding words, sentences, meanings, theory of cognition, etc. All philosophical systems have integrated several of these concepts into their structure.
Porf Pandurangi has published a compendium "Critical essays on pUrva mimamsa" in english. It is very succinct and provides a top level exposure. For a detailed reading, the best source is his three volumes English commentary on Bhatta Sangraha, written by our Rayaru. Rayaru's writing has a structure, clarity, simplicity that are unmatched and is the most comprehensive commentary on Mimasa Sutra of Jaimini.
True to his belief, Dr RKSK continued to do these Vedic Karma till the end, asked that no rituals be done after his death and his body donated to an hospital.
Dr RKSK performed the homa with such a meticulous rigor, it was almost tiring for novices like me. But,it was indeed thrilling to watch the homa flames leap and hear the unison with which the team recited the Vedic mantras. He took time to explain the roles of team , Hotr, Adhwaryu, Utgatr and Brahma . He invoked Rg Veda and explained that it was Agni who was being represented by them
तवाग्ने होत्रं तव पोत्रं रत्वियं तव नेष्ट्रं तवमग्निद रतायतः |
तव परशास्त्रं तवमध्वरीयसि बरह्मा चासि गर्हपतिश्च नो दमे
What captured my heart and mind, however, was the talk he gave on Vedic learning , methodology , structured learning that ensured the Vedas were transmitted word to mouth for thousands of years, without any deviation.
Taitiritya Upanishad Sikshavalli defines how this structured learning ought to be done.
औं सीक्षां व्याख्यास्यामः | वर्ण स्वरः |मात्रा बलम् | साम सन्तानः |इत्युक्तः सीक्षाध्ययः
Seeksha deals with Varna, Swara, Maatra, Strength, Saama and Santaanah. A fool-proof method to commit Vedas to memory is to chant each mantra in various patterns and combinations known as Vaakya, Pada, Krama, Jata, Ghana, etc.
1)Vaakya Paatha or Samhita Paatha is to recite the mantras in a sentence straight, some of the words therein have to be conjoined in chanting.
2)Reciting mantras, word by word is Pada Paatha. This is done after Samhita paatha. This gives the student of the Vedas the knowledge of each word in a sentence.
3)In Krama Paatha,In the Krama type of recitation the order of words is 1-2 ; 2-3 ; 3-4 ; 4-5 and so on. This helps the student understand not only the individual words but also how two words can be combined in recitation and what modification occurs in swara in such a combination.
4)In Jata Paatha, the order will be 1-2-2-1-1-2, 2-3-3-2-2-3, 3-4-4-3-3-4, 4-5-5-4-4-5 and so on. Just as two words are repeated forwards and backwards in the Jata Paatha, the Sikha Paatha three words to be so linked.
5) In Ghana Paatha the combination will be:

1-2, 2-1, 1-2-3, 3-2-1, 1-2-3 । 2-3, 3-2, 2-3-4, 4-3-2, 2-3-4।
3-4, 4-3, 3-4-5, 5-4-3, 3-4-5। 4-5, 5-4, 4-5-6, 6-5-4, 4-5-6।
Chanted in Ghanam style as above, Rig Veda may take over 450 hours to chant!
Dr RKSK demonstrated this by having the Vedic scholars actually do pada, krama, Jata and Gana rendering . Listening to Vedas being recited in pada, Jatha, Krama, Gahana was a transporting experience.

The Youtube links below provide an idea of what I experienced.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nW63xXTTTwU https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nW63xXTTTwU
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=shaVQ_c70Qk&t=116s https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=shaVQ_c70Qk&t=116s

When I mentioned this to jyeshta Mahasannidhanam in my next visit, he asked me to stay for another day and witness another epoch making event-a Vaidik disciple was getting initiated into Agnihotra homa. He said only those who get initiated and maintain this nitya karma strictly are called Agnihotri .
I wondered what was the significance of this homa- after all there are so many homa being performed. As if he was reading my mind, he said that homa fire will be started without any matchstick or any fuels and that fire will never should be allowed to die.
Rather , it will be used to light the pyre of the Agnihotri when he dies.
( To be continued)

Prashant Parikh https://www.facebook.com/parikhprashant?fref=gs&dti=624552704316163&hc_location=group <prashantparikh@gmail.com>

Wed Oct 3, 2018 12:39 am (PDT) . Posted by:


Sringeri Days : Part 17, from the entries of Sri Padmanabhan Venkatraman

I got curious when jyeshta Mahasannidhanam almost insisted that I stay and witness the Agnihotra initiation. Such Agni karya were new to me - As Maadhwas we are so focused on Bhakti and moved away from such Shrauta Karmas. Bhakti movement with stirring devotional songs in Kannada from 'Daasa Koota' almost overshadowed 'Vysa Koota'. Vyasa koota was on to Shruti, Shrauta karma, Vedanta , Vaakyartha etc. Purandara Dasa, Vijaya Dasa, Gopala Dasa, Jagannta Dasa and Kanaka Dasa were more popular in a typical Maadhwa Household than Jayatheertha, Vysas Theertha , Vijayaeendra theertha who were genius scholars whom even Advaithis respected.

Even Raghavendra Theertha - the one and only scholar in the world to write a comprehensive commentary on Jaimini Karma Mimamsa-was more known for his devotion , compassion and miracles than his erudition . He has written simplified versions of ALL key works of Tatava Vaada Munitrayam , Shri Ananda Theertha Muni, Jayatheetha Yati and vyAsa 'Raja' Theertha . And yet very few maadhwas focus on that aspect. Likewise Vaadhiraja Bhikku is more known for his devotional piece Lakshni Shobhane than his philosophical treatise Yukti Mallika or mystic work Bhoogola varnana.

No wonder way back then I knew nothing of this Agni karyas. Why did jyeshta mahasannidhanam insist on my witnessing it ? As I frequently mention, he was pushing me into decades of learning with such simple instructions. Though I continue to be novice and with zero anubhava in Shruta karmas, my understanding on the Samskaraas has grown. What I got to learn made me sad that we lost our touch with such a glorious tradition, all because we wanted things only in 'modern scientific format', and turned blind eye to logic.

On that day, every one was assembled in the small house like structure, just off the Adhistana Mantapa in Narasimha vana . The Vadik was all looking prim and proper in traditional attire. Many were jostling to have a ringside view of the event. What struck me was that they were all calm, pleasant, happy and bright with Tejas. Why did we trade that for material wealth, tension, grumpy and angry face ? Bad Karma or Entropy ?

Everything quietened down and things swung into action as jyeshta Maha sannidhanm arrived with Shri Bharathi Theertha. The gruhasta was sitting all in attention along with his wife. The priests brought in the 'tools' to start the fire - a solid block of wood and a wooden drill with small ropes around the threaded surface.

The wooden drill was mounted on the block and was given several twirls with such a force generating immense heat. A piece of 'wooden wool' was used to light up with that heat and this small fire was transferred to the Agnihotra pond. The Agnihotra has to be performed every morning and evening, exactly at local sunrise and sun set time. Agnihotra is the act of offering oblations to Agni - Thirty to thirty -five grains per oblation- two pinches of raw, unbroken rice grains, smeared with ghee made of cow's milk. The oblations were offered while chanting two Vedic mantras that are very simple.

In the morning : सूर्याय स्वाहा सूर्याय इदं न मम

प्रजापतये स्वाहा प्रजापतये इदं न मम

In the evening : अग्नये स्वाहा अग्नये इदं न मम

प्रजापतये स्वाहा प्रजापतये इदं न मम

A couple of more yagas were performed; so was a stunning pravargya done-fire leaping several feet high as pure cow's milk was poured on super heated vessel. This simulates chromosphere of the Sun.

What was the obsession with Agni ? Why give oblations ? Why used ghee made of cow's milk ? I had no clue as I witnessed the exhilarating Agnikarya. On return to Bangalore, I discussed this with Dr Subbaramaiyya, Umesha and quite a few others. I continued to research and study on this , egged by a one line command of jyeshta Mahasannidhanam.

Karma Mimamsa lists 52 Samskara or Milestone events in a Dwija's life and there are rituals for them ( see one of the attached jpg). When we get into the weeds , we recognize they are more than rituals. Beyond faith, they inculcate focus, dedication, discipline, sincerity, honesty, integrity, contentment, compassion and keep us away from indulgence. Any one can see how Karma Mimamsa can help our progress in happiness in this life. As we saw earlier, pUrva mimAsa is very agnostic and neutral towards moksha and Ishwara. In this aspect it was similar to carvaka lokayatavaada

" Borrow if you must, but eat ghee and make merry is the credo of our ancient nAstikyas", Umesha had once told me with his mischievous smile.He explained Brihaspati's Lokayata Vaada in a few brief lines, "It was down right materialistic, atheistic and pleasure principle based sweet talk. Hence it is called Carvaka system".

I looked up at their arguments and it appeared they were a humorous lot. Strangely, their conclusions on Svarga & Moksha were already present in a way in karma mimAmsa , albeit with total faith in Agni Karya. SayaNA mAdhawacharya Vidyaranaya has covered Carvaka in his concise Sarva darshana sangraha.

Carvakis argue:

यावज्जीव सुखं जीवेन नास्ति म्रुत्योर्गोचर:

भस्मीभूतस्य देहस्य पुनरागमनं कुतः ?

There is no way the body that is burnt is coming back after death; so enjoy as long as life lasts

अग्निहोत्रं त्रयोवेदा त्रिदण्डं भस्म गुण्ठनम्

बुद्दि पौरुष हिनानां जीविकेति बृहस्पतिः

Agnihotra, three vedas, thridandi sanyasa, smearing with ashes are all means of making a living by those who are lazy and dull.

पशुश्चोन्निहितह् स्वर्ग ज्योतिष्टोमे गमिष्यति

स्वपिता यजमानेन तत्र कस्मान्न हिंस्यते

If animals sacrificed go to heaven, should you not offer your own father and send him to heaven?

… and so on and so forth

Their arguments were very atheistic ; so were mimamsakas and yet here we are with Sringeri Acharya personally leading Agnihotra. Why was he lending his support for mimamaska ritual ? I also recalled Shri Chandrashekara Bharati's strong message that he respects Naasthikyas who searched for Ishwara, Moksha and gave up more than the so called blind believers who do no jignAsa.

So I did my jignAsa on karma mimAmsa for a couple of decades. I evaluated karma mImAmsa using nyAya and vaisheshika as tools. I looked at its various claims through the lens of modern science.

What came out was a surprising conclusion that we modernites are so poorly short sighted and don't know how to look beyond our noses. Much worse, we start with an assumption that our forefathers were foolhardy, faint hearted lot who fell at the feet of natural elements in deep scare. We tend respect Richard Dawkins more than our Rishis, while understanding neither..

It was the theory of Combustion that gave me a whole new understanding of Agni Karyas.

(To be continued)

Prashant Parikh <prashantparikh@gmail.com>


Wed Oct 3, 2018 12:55 am (PDT) . Posted by:


The most exhausting burden is a mask

If we see someone carrying a huge burden on their back, we may feel pity for them. Yet we ourselves may be carrying a heavier burden, albeit invisible – the burden of a mask.

Physical masks of the kind worn during Halloween don't weigh much. But the masks that weigh us down are subtler; they are the appearances that we put on before the world. Despite being stressed or distressed, we may act jolly. Despite having tense family relationships, we may pretend that our family life is fine. Despite battling privately with impurities, we may put on a façade of purity. Putting on such masks exhausts us because covering things up requires a herculean effort.

Then, should we just be glum, radiating depression all around? No, we can and should be cheerful and positive while striving to set things right. Still, during the interim, we need at least a few people who accept us as we are. And we need the courage to lower our masks with them.

At times, we may have to perform. But we can't be round-the-clock performers; no one can be. Even professional performers need breaks – that's why movie stars treasure their privacy.

On the spiritual path, masks can deprive us of genuine growth. The Bhagavad-gita (03.06) cautions that those who mask their sensuality with a façade of spirituality deceive themselves; they stay spiritually stagnant or may even regress.

How, then, can we grow spiritually? First, remove our masks before some trustworthy friends by humbly admitting the gap between our precept and our practice. Second, strive diligently to bridge that gap by practicing the purificatory process of bhakti-yoga.

By such self-acceptance and devotional diligence, we can peacefully and purposefully take small but significant steps towards realizing our divine potential as parts of the supreme divinity, thereby transcending the need for masks.

Think it over:

What kind of subtle masks do we often wear?

Does removing our masks mean that we stay constantly glum?

How can we change ourselves?

Read more https://www.gitadaily.com/the-most-exhausting-burden-is-a-mask/ https://www.gitadaily.com/the-most-exhausting-burden-is-a-mask/

Wed Oct 3, 2018 4:35 am (PDT) . Posted by:


Don't just keep waiting – keep pushing too

When urged to practice spiritual life, some people stay lethargic, saying, "I am waiting to get an inner call."

However, do we adopt such an approach of waiting in other important walks of life?

Consider students pursuing a four-year degree. Do they just keep waiting for the day of graduation? No, they study and prepare, pushing themselves towards attaining the educational level needed for graduating.

Or consider a pregnant woman nearing delivery. Does she just keep waiting for her baby's birth? No, she keeps pushing too. Without her pushing, delivery can become inordinately delayed, distressing, even dangerous.

In our spiritual life, we too need the same combination of waiting and pushing. Why do we need to wait? Because we can't grow spiritually faster than what is ordained by providence. Just as a baby can't become an adult in six months, we can't rise from our present level of conditioning to pure devotion overnight. We need to patiently await divine grace.

Then, why do we need to push? Because devotional patience is not passive waiting; it is active working. We need to take small steps towards Krishna, to do what we can in his service. By our actions, we need to show him that we desire to come closer to him, to love him and to live absorbed in him. Only when we thus express our free will spiritually does he intervene and redirect our life's trajectory. Otherwise, respecting our free will, he lets us continue to stay on in material consciousness, forgetful of him.

Stressing the reciprocity between human endeavor and divine grace, the Bhagavad-gita (08.07) assures that we can attain Krishna when we think of him internally and do our duty externally.

Thus, devotional growth is a dynamic blend of waiting and working, of dependence on Krishna and diligence for Krishna.

Think it over:

In daily life, how do we both wait and push?

In spiritual life, why do we need to wait?

In spiritual life, why do we need to push?

Read more https://www.gitadaily.com/dont-just-keep-waiting-keep-pushing-too/ https://www.gitadaily.com/dont-just-keep-waiting-keep-pushing-too/

Wed Oct 3, 2018 5:40 am (PDT) . Posted by:


Don't mess every new day with yesterday

Suppose we are driving through an intersection. If at a previous intersection, someone had suddenly cut across us. Their actions might have annoyed us, but we can't afford to let that distract us; we need to deal with the present traffic.

Our life is like a journey, and every new day is a new phase of that journey. Each day provides us an opportunity to take fresh steps forward. Unfortunately, we often mess today with yesterday – we let thoughts of what happened to us in the past or of what we did in the past weigh us down, thereby making us distracted and disheartened, and overall preventing us from tapping the potential of today. The Bhagavad-gita (18.35) states that such a mentality of negativity – of fearfulness, moroseness and lamentation – characterizes the mode of ignorance. Although such attitudes hurt us, we still keep holding on to them.

Why are we so self-destructive? Because of our conditionings that are stored as impressions within our psyche – these result from our past thought-patterns and they shape our present and future thought-patterns.

To rise above these conditionings, we can and should try to resist them ourselves. Additionally, a far more effective way to deal with them is to raise our consciousness above them. How? By connecting with the unconditioned Lord: Krishna. When we connect with the all-pure Lord by practicing bhakti-yoga, we become purified of our impure self-destructive mental tendencies, thereby empowering our intelligence and our faith to channel our mental energy constructively. With our intelligence, we will be able to resist unwanted thoughts. And with our faith, we will be able to let go of the past, knowing that Krishna can bring good even out of the bad.

When we thus tap devotionally the opportunity of every new day, we help create the best future for ourselves.

Think it over:

How do we mess today with yesterday?

Why are we mentally self-destructive?

How does bhakti empower our intelligence and faith?

Read more https://www.gitadaily.com/dont-mess-every-new-day-with-yesterday/ https://www.gitadaily.com/dont-mess-every-new-day-with-yesterday/

Wed Oct 3, 2018 4:48 am (PDT) . Posted by:


People suffer because they have unreasonable desires, they pine to fulfill them, and they fail. They attach too much value to the objective world. It is only when attachment increases that you suffer pain and grief. If you look upon nature and all created objects with the insight derived from the Inner Vision, then attachment will slide away, though effort will remain; you will also see everything much clearer and with a glory suffused with Divinity and splendour. Attachment to nature has limits, but attachment to the Lord that you develop when the inner eye opens, has no limit. Enjoy that Reality. The Lord is the Immanent Power in everything. The moon is reflected in a pot, provided it has water; so too, the Lord can be clearly seen in your heart, provided you have the water of love (prema) in it. When the Lord is not reflected in your heart, it only means you don't love Him enough. Sri Satya Sai Baba

Wed Oct 3, 2018 5:40 am (PDT) . Posted by:


The Lord is so full of Grace that He will willingly guide and guard all who surrender to Him. When the battle with Ravana was over, one glance from His merciful eye was enough to revive the monkey hordes and heal their wounds. There were some rakshasas (demons) who had penetrated into the camp in the guise of the monkeys; when they were brought before Rama for summary punishment, Rama smiled and pardoned them, for they had assumed the monkey form so dear to Him; He sent them away, unharmed to the enemy's camp. That was the measure of His mercy. To win that Grace, you must become permeated with dharma so that every act is God-worthy. With the sharp chisel of intellect, shape the mind into a perfect image of the embodiment of dharma (Rama). Then, the rough-hewn idol of humanity that you now are, will shine with the splendour of Divinity itself. That is the task to which you should dedicate yourself today. Sri Satya Sai Baba

Wed Oct 3, 2018 7:10 pm (PDT) . Posted by:


You must all become heroes - adventurous and bold; prepare for that role from now on. Inside you there are many animals: the dog, fox, donkey, wolf, etc. Suppress the tendencies of all these creatures and encourage the human qualities of love and friendship to shine forth. Begin the cultivation of virtues; this is very important, beneficial and will give you real bliss (ananda). It is the essence of all knowledge, the culmination of all learning. Treat everyone as your very own and even if you cannot do them any good, desist from causing them any injury. Burn the lamp of love inside the niche of your heart, and the nocturnal birds of greed and envy will fly away, unable to bear the light. Love makes you humble; bend and bow when you see greatness and glory. An unbending person is infected with egoism of the worst type. Remember, man is the only being that can recognise and revere the great and the glorious. Sri Satya Sai Baba

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